cairo graphics 1.0

/* Jeffrin Jose Licensed GPL v3 Copyright
August 2010 GPL --> */


//the global pixmap that will serve as our buffer
static GdkPixmap *pixmap = NULL;

gboolean on_window_configure_event(GtkWidget * da, GdkEventConfigure * event, gpointer user_data){
static int oldw = 0;
static int oldh = 0;
//make our selves a properly sized pixmap if our window has been resized
if (oldw != event->width || oldh != event->height){
//create our new pixmap with the correct size.
GdkPixmap *tmppixmap = gdk_pixmap_new(da->window, event->width, event->height, -1);
//copy the contents of the old pixmap to the new pixmap. This keeps ugly uninitialized
//pixmaps from being painted upon resize
int minw = oldw, minh = oldh;
if( event->width width; }
if( event->height height; }
gdk_draw_drawable(tmppixmap, da->style->fg_gc[GTK_WIDGET_STATE(da)], pixmap, 0, 0, 0, 0, minw, minh);
//we're done with our old pixmap, so we can get rid of it and replace it with our properly-sized one.
pixmap = tmppixmap;
oldw = event->width;
oldh = event->height;
return TRUE;

gboolean on_window_expose_event(GtkWidget * da, GdkEventExpose * event, gpointer user_data){
da->style->fg_gc[GTK_WIDGET_STATE(da)], pixmap,
// Only copy the area that was exposed.
event->area.x, event->area.y,
event->area.x, event->area.y,
event->area.width, event->area.height);
return TRUE;

static int currently_drawing = 0;
//do_draw will be executed in a separate thread whenever we would like to update
//our animation
void *do_draw(void *ptr){

currently_drawing = 1;

int width, height;
gdk_drawable_get_size(pixmap, &width, &height);

//create a gtk-independant surface to draw on
cairo_surface_t *cst = cairo_image_surface_create(CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32, width, height);
cairo_t *cr = cairo_create(cst);

//Vertical Line
cairo_move_to(cr, 200,30);

//Horizontal Line
cairo_move_to(cr, 50,120);

//do some time-consuming drawing
static int i = 0;
++i; i = i % 300; //give a little movement to our animation
cairo_set_source_rgb (cr, .9, .9, .9);
cairo_set_source_rgb (cr, 0.8, 0.5, 0.9);
cairo_move_to(cr, 50,50);

int j,k;
/* for(k=0; k<100; ++k){*/ //lets just redraw lots of times to use a lot of proc power
for(j=0; j 100)
cairo_move_to(cr, 200,76);
cairo_arc(cr, 200+i,76+i,0,0,0);
cairo_arc(cr, 100+i,76,0,0,0);

/* cairo_rectangle(cr,50+i,50+i,50,50); */

/* }*/

//When dealing with gdkPixmap's, we need to make sure not to
//access them from outside gtk_main().

cairo_t *cr_pixmap = gdk_cairo_create(pixmap);
cairo_set_source_surface (cr_pixmap, cst, 0, 0);



currently_drawing = 0;

return NULL;

gboolean timer_exe(GtkWidget * window){

static gboolean first_execution = TRUE;

//use a safe function to get the value of currently_drawing so
//we don't run into the usual multithreading issues
int drawing_status = g_atomic_int_get(&currently_drawing);

//if we are not currently drawing anything, launch a thread to
//update our pixmap
if(drawing_status == 0){
static pthread_t thread_info;
int iret;
if(first_execution != TRUE){
pthread_join(thread_info, NULL);
iret = pthread_create( &thread_info, NULL, do_draw, NULL);

//tell our window it is time to draw our animation.
int width, height;
gdk_drawable_get_size(pixmap, &width, &height);
gtk_widget_queue_draw_area(window, 0, 0, width, height);

first_execution = FALSE;

return TRUE;


int main (int argc, char *argv[]){

//we need to initialize all these functions so that gtk knows
//to be thread-aware
if (!g_thread_supported ()){ g_thread_init(NULL); }

gtk_init(&argc, &argv);

GtkWidget *window = gtk_window_new (GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
gtk_widget_set_size_request (GTK_WIDGET (window), 500, 400);
g_signal_connect(G_OBJECT(window), "destroy", G_CALLBACK(gtk_main_quit), NULL);
g_signal_connect(G_OBJECT(window), "expose_event", G_CALLBACK(on_window_expose_event), NULL);
g_signal_connect(G_OBJECT(window), "configure_event", G_CALLBACK(on_window_configure_event), NULL);

//this must be done before we define our pixmap so that it can reference
//the colour depth and such

//set up our pixmap so it is ready for drawing
pixmap = gdk_pixmap_new(window->window,700,700,-1);
//because we will be painting our pixmap manually during expose events
//we can turn off gtk's automatic painting and double buffering routines.
gtk_widget_set_app_paintable(window, TRUE);
gtk_widget_set_double_buffered(window, FALSE);

(void)g_timeout_add(33, (GSourceFunc)timer_exe, window);


return 0;


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